Linux 编译安装 MySQL-5.7.33

Linux 编译安装 MySQL5.7.33

包名:mysql-5.7.33-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

#创建用户和用户组
groupadd -g 1203 mysql
useradd -g mysql -M -s /sbin/nologin -u 1203 mysql

#下包解压mysql包文件
wget -P /opt/soft  https://downloads.mysql.com/archives/get/p/23/file/mysql-5.7.33-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz
cd /opt/soft && tar -zxvf mysql-5.7.33-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz
#软链,方便后续升级数据库版本
ln -s /opt/soft/mysql-5.7.33-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql

#设置环境变量
echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin" >> /etc/profile && source /etc/profile

#创建数据,日志,配置文件存放目录
mkdir -p /data/mysql/{config,socket}
mkdir -p /data/mysql/mysql3306/{logs,data,undolog}

vim /data/mysql/config/my3306.cnf
-------------------------------------------------------
[client]
port    = 3306
socket  = /data/mysql/socket/mysql3306.sock
default-character-set=utf8

[mysql]
prompt="\\u@\\p \R:\m:\s [\d]>"
no-auto-rehash
default-character-set=utf8

[mysqld]
user    = mysql
port    = 3306
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql/mysql3306/data
socket  = /data/mysql/socket/mysql3306.sock
pid-file = mysqldb.pid
character-set-server = utf8mb4
skip_name_resolve = 1

#若你的MySQL数据库主要运行在境外,请务必根据实际情况调整本参数
#default_time_zone = "+8:00"

open_files_limit    = 65535
back_log = 1024
max_connections = 512
max_connect_errors = 1000000
table_open_cache = 1024
table_definition_cache = 1024
table_open_cache_instances = 64
thread_stack = 512K
external-locking = FALSE
max_allowed_packet = 32M
sort_buffer_size = 4M
join_buffer_size = 4M
thread_cache_size = 768
interactive_timeout = 600
wait_timeout = 600
tmp_table_size = 32M
max_heap_table_size = 32M
slow_query_log = 1
log_timestamps = SYSTEM
slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql/mysql3306/logs/slow.log
log-error = /data/mysql/mysql3306/logs/error.log
long_query_time = 0.1
log_queries_not_using_indexes =1
log_throttle_queries_not_using_indexes = 60
min_examined_row_limit = 100
log_slow_admin_statements = 1
log_slow_slave_statements = 1
server-id = 3306
log-bin = /data/mysql/mysql3306/logs/mysql-bin
sync_binlog = 1
binlog_cache_size = 4M
max_binlog_cache_size = 2G
max_binlog_size = 1G

#注意:MySQL 8.0开始,binlog_expire_logs_seconds选项也存在的话,会忽略expire_logs_days选项
expire_logs_days = 7

master_info_repository = TABLE
relay_log_info_repository = TABLE
gtid_mode = on
enforce_gtid_consistency = 1
log_slave_updates
slave-rows-search-algorithms = 'INDEX_SCAN,HASH_SCAN'
binlog_format = row
binlog_checksum = 1
relay_log_recovery = 1
relay-log-purge = 1
key_buffer_size = 32M
read_buffer_size = 8M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 4M
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
lock_wait_timeout = 3600
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp = 1
innodb_thread_concurrency = 0
#innodb_sync_spin_loops = 100
#innodb_spin_wait_delay = 30

transaction_isolation = REPEATABLE-READ
#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 2G
innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 4
innodb_buffer_pool_load_at_startup = 1
innodb_buffer_pool_dump_at_shutdown = 1
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1G:autoextend
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
innodb_log_buffer_size = 32M
innodb_log_file_size = 2G
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_undo_log_size = 4G
innodb_undo_directory = /data/mysql/mysql3306/undolog
innodb_undo_tablespaces = 95

# 根据您的服务器IOPS能力适当调整
# 一般配普通SSD盘的话,可以调整到 10000 - 20000
# 配置高端PCIe SSD卡的话,则可以调整的更高,比如 50000 - 80000
innodb_io_capacity = 4000
innodb_io_capacity_max = 8000
innodb_flush_sync = 0
innodb_flush_neighbors = 0
innodb_write_io_threads = 2
innodb_read_io_threads = 2
innodb_purge_threads = 4
innodb_page_cleaners = 4
innodb_open_files = 65535
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 50
innodb_flush_method = O_DIRECT
innodb_lru_scan_depth = 4000
innodb_checksum_algorithm = crc32
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 10
innodb_rollback_on_timeout = 1
innodb_print_all_deadlocks = 1
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_online_alter_log_max_size = 4G
innodb_stats_on_metadata = 0
innodb_undo_log_truncate = 1

#注意:MySQL 8.0.16开始删除该选项
internal_tmp_disk_storage_engine = InnoDB

# some var for MySQL 5.7
innodb_checksums = 1
#innodb_file_format = Barracuda
#innodb_file_format_max = Barracuda
query_cache_size = 0
query_cache_type = 0
innodb_undo_logs = 128

innodb_status_file = 1
#注意: 开启 innodb_status_output & innodb_status_output_locks 后, 可能会导致log-error文件增长较快
innodb_status_output = 0
innodb_status_output_locks = 1

innodb_sort_buffer_size = 67108864
innodb_autoinc_lock_mode = 1

#performance_schema
performance_schema = 1
#performance_schema_instrument = '%memory%=on'
#performance_schema_instrument = '%lock%=on'

#innodb monitor
innodb_monitor_enable="module_innodb"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_server"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_dml"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_ddl"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_trx"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_os"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_purge"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_log"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_lock"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_buffer"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_index"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_ibuf_system"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_buffer_page"
innodb_monitor_enable="module_adaptive_hash"

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 32M
-------------------------------------------------------
chown -R mysql.mysql /data/mysql && chown mysql.mysql -R /usr/local/mysql

#初始化数据库
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --defaults-file=/data/mysql/config/my3306.cnf --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql/mysql3306/data --user=mysql --initialize

#过滤初始化后的初始密码,首次登录需要
grep pass /data/mysql/mysql33061/logs/error.log

#守护进程方式启动mysql
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data/mysql/config/my3306.cnf &

#登录mysql
mysql -uroot -p -S /data/mysql/socket/mysql3306.sock

#首次登录需要修改密码,否则无法操作
mysql> alter user 'root'@'localhost' identified by 'test123456';
mysql> flush privileges;

版权声明:
作者:gafa
链接:https://www.goufusheng.top/archives/695
来源:苟浮生的桃花扇
文章版权归作者所有,未经允许请勿转载。

THE END
分享
二维码
< <上一篇
下一篇>>
文章目录
关闭
目 录